Costa Rica has amazing diversity of microclimates, characterized by alternating between a dry season from December to April and a wet season (also known as green season) from May to November. However the months of May, June, July and August the weather is excelent and it is a wonderful time of the year to travel, while the only really bad time is the period from September to October, during which the probability of being caught by the rain is very high.
Due to factors such as geographical location, weather conditions, the formation of mountain ranges,mountains and valleys, Costa Rica is characterized by different microclimates that creates different types of vegetation and fauna.
Climates of Costa Rica can be classified in the following regions:
The high and cold region: With an altitude of 3,000 to 3,100 meters above sea level, with temperatures of 0 ° C.
The hot region: The elevation is more than 1,500 meters above sea level, with temperatures between 14 ° C and 18 ° C.
The humid tropical region: The elevation is up to 1,100 meters above sea level with temperatures between 25 ° C and 26 ° C.
The tropical region: pertaining to the dry season, with temperatures between 26 ° C and 27 ° C.
The inter-region of mountain valley with an altitude between 1,000 and 1,100 meters , which is a feature of the central valley, with temperatures ranging from 14 to 18 ° C.
Due to the weather characteristics and the topography of Costa Rica, you can recognize different types of forests: the rainforest, dry forest, and the transition forest.