Parchi Naturali del Costa Rica
Natural Park of Tortughero
One of the most visited parks of Costa Rica is the Tortuguero, covers nearly 200 square kilometers in the Caribbean region north of Limon and has a magnificent network of waterways with a length of about 100 km that offer a natural spectacle of great beauty and abundant fauna. In particular it is famous for being the breeding area and the election of the green sea turtles.
Uno dei parchi più visitati del Costa Rica è il Tortuguero si estende per quasi 200 chilometri quadrati nella regione caraibica a nord di Limon ed ha una magnifica rete di canali navigabili con una estensione di circa 100 km che offrono uno spettacolo naturalistico di grande suggestione ed abbondante fauna. In particolare è famoso per essere la zona di riproduzione e di elezione delle tartarughe marine verdi.
Il Vulcano Poás – Costa Rica National Park
The Poas Volcano is a basaltic nature stratovolcano that reaches a height of 2708 meters. Located just 65 kilometers from capital San Jose, Poas Volcano, protected through the homonymous National Park, which covers 5,600 hectares is the ideal place to spend a day in close contact with nature, a rough and inhospitable tracts but always unique, that can give unforgettable emotions. The Poas Volcano National Park is one of the most visited natural sites in the country, both for its undisputed beauty and for its ease of access and use. You need to experienced climbers or adventurers without blemish and without fear to be able to fully enjoy the beauty of this place. Following an asphalt road you come to the modern visitor center of the park, accessible to disabled people, located near the top of the volcano. Here you can learn about the history of the volcano and receive updated information on the geomorphological processes that shaped this ecological attraction. Except for the area around the main crater, the park is full of dense vegetation inhabited by small wildlife. The sightings of 79 species of birds identified within the protected area including the mythological Quetzal shine forth, the Emerald Toucan, the Black Guan, the hummingbird and the American robin are quite common.
Braulio Carrillo National Park
The National Park Braulio Carrillo is one of the largest parks of Costa Rica. In addition of having a surface area of 44,099 hectares includes seven different natural habitats. The park is named after the third president of Costa Rica, Braulio Carrillo Colina Evaristo, a staunch supporter of environmental conservation.
The Braulio Carrillo is a true sanctuary of flora and fauna, a large tropical plants forest that hosts rivers (including the famous Rio Sucio River or orange dirt, which takes its name from the sulfur deposits on the Irazu volcano), gorgeous waterfalls and orchids. More than 90% of the park is covered by primary forest. In addition, the park includes several extinct volcanoes, such as Barva (2,906 m), the Cerro Cacho Negro (from the classic conical shape) and the Cerros las Tres Marias.
Il Volcano Irazu – Costa Rica Natural Parks
The Irazu Volcano National Park is located in the canton of Oreamuno, 32 km north-east of the city of Cartago, former capital of Costa Rica.
Here is the highest active volcano in the country, the Irazù volcano which with its 3432 meters above sea level overlooking the whole region. The Irazu name comes from an indigenous village built in 1569 on its slopes, whose name means “the peak of thunder and the earthquake”. Various eruptions have marked the history of this volcano, the last being in 1994. Thanks to these constant eruptions the soil of the adjacent areas, has always been very fertile, allowed the population to settle in this region, turning it into one of the most populous around the Costa Rica.
The Irazu Volcano covers an area of over 500 square kilometers and has at least 10 volcanic cones on the southern slope. But the big attraction of the park is the climb to the crater Deigo Haya that has transformed over the years into a lake by the green apple. On a clear day from the summit you can see both the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean.
Given the volcanic activity increased the flora and fauna are typical of volcanic areas. Around craters extends low vegetation characterized by myrtle trees, and bushes by Gunnera insignis showy yellow flowers. The wildlife on the Irazu volcano peak is quite poor but you can also meet rabbits, squirrels, porcupines, acorn woodpeckers, thrushes.